Geography of Austria
Austria is a federal country with a population of around 8.47 million people. The people here generally speak German language and the country is landlocked with several countries of Europe like Switzerland, Liechtenstein, Germany, Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Slovenia and Italy. Around 70% of Austrian land is a mountainous territory with eastern Alps and has many snowfields, glaciers as well as snow capped peaks. The principal river of the country is the Danube. Around 40% of the land is covered with forests and woodlands. The climate of Austria is predominantly cold. While the temperature in winters can be around -10 degree Celsius, it can reach to 40 degree Celsius in summers.
Vienna, being the capital of Austria is home to the Parliament of Austria. It was in the year 1920 that Austria became a federal, parliamentary and democratic republic country.
The head of the state is the Federal President who is elected by popular votes of the public. There are a total of two chambers in the Parliament of Austria that are- Nationalrat and Bundersrat.
Austria is considered as the 12th richest country of the world in terms of GDP per capita. The economy of the country is well developed and a social market economy and the people here enjoy a high standard of living. Labor politics has a large influence on the country’s political system. Since the main trading partner of Austria is Germany, changes in the latter’s economy influences the economy of the former country. The main source of earnings of the country comes through International Tourism. In fact, tourism contributes around 9% of the Austrian GDP.
The official language of Austria is German and nearly 88.6% people speak the same followed by Bosnian/Croatian/ Serbian/ Turkish/ Hungarian/ Polish languages.
The Austrians possess a different and unique culture. Austrians are popularly known for being moderate in their outlook and behavior. Although they are friendly but at the same time reserved and formal, soft spoken, hospitable and law abiding. They are also Catholic followers, however not religious but follow their tradition. Overall speaking, Austria remains a largely conservative and rural country except Vienna. There is a diversity of culture found in the country which is enjoyed by people thronging the place throughout the year from other parts of the globe.
Austria takes pride in conveying that it has nearly 23 public and 13 private universities that offer various degree programs to the students at large. The oldest and largest university in Austria is the University of Vienna which was established in the year 1365.
The number of foreign students enrolled in these universities has been increasing with the passage of each academic year. These universities offer a range of courses that are recognized throughout the world. The faculty members of these universities are highly qualified and well trained in teaching college students. There is usually a free education system in Austria, however some universities demand a nominal tuition fee to be paid.