Italy or officially named as Italian Republic, is a kind of parliamentary republic lying in Southern Europe. The country shares borders with France, Slovenia, Switzerland and Austria. It resembles a long peninsula which is shaped like a boot and is surrounded by the Tyrrhenian Sea on the west and Adriatic on the east. Its northern boundary is covered by the Alps. The total area of the country is around 301,230 sq kilometers. Garda and the Po are its principal rivers. The total area of the country is around 301,230 sq kilometers. Mont Blanc is the highest point in Italy.
Italy puts a lot of emphasis on maintaining ecological sustainability. Around 5% of the country is covered with national parks. The climate of Italy is quite highly diverse. The average winter temperature varies from 0 degree Celsius on the Alps to 12 degree Celsius in Sicily. The average summer temperature ranges from 20 degree Celsius to over 30 degree Celsius.
The government of Italy is basically a parliamentary government and takes into account proportional voting system. There is a bicameral parliament with two houses that are the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Republic.
The head of the state i.e the Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic but he must pass a vote of confidence in Parliament to be elected.
The market economy of Italy shows high per capita GDP and low unemployment rates. In fact, the country’s economy stands as the fourth largest economy in Europe in terms of Purchasing Power Parity. The country witnessed a rapid transformation from being an agriculture based economy to an industrialized nation as well as a leading country in world trade and exports. However, Italy has the largest vineyards and it stands on top as the world’s largest wine producer.
The official language of Italy is Italian and nearly 55 million people speak the language within the country while 6.7 million people use it outside the country. However, if you travel throughout the country, you will notice several distinct dialects which vary from region to region.
Majority of the people of Italy follow the religion of Roman Catholicism, however, it is not officially a state religion. The Italians believe in God as well as in spirituality.
Italy possesses nearly 49 UNESCO World Heritage sites which is the largest number of sites possessed by any country in the world. The country offers a rich collection of art, literature as well as culture of different periods in the history. There are so many museums, palaces, statues, churches, art galleries and other buildings of historical interest which draw a lot of visitors from across the world.
The government of Italy offers free and compulsory education for children from six to sixteen years of age. The university level education in Italy has been known throughout the country. The University of Bologna which was founded in the year 1088 is the oldest university of the world as it stands among top 200 world universities. Other famous universities of the country include Polytechnic University of Turin, the Politecnico DI Milano, the University of Rome La Sapienza and the University of Milan. A lot of different courses are taught in these universities and therefore, the students from abroad get attracted towards them easily.