Germany is regarded as the hub of excellent academic opportunities and scientific research. The universities in Germany have been attracting the students worldwide with their extensive range of educational prospects. If you are interested in being a part of the innovative trend of fascinating academic opportunities in Germany, you would need to acquaint yourself with the education system prevailing in Germany. There are two types of higher educational institutes in this country; traditional universities and universities of applied sciences.
The term ‘traditional university’ encompasses a whole range of educational colleges and academic institutions like technical universities, medical schools, universities of education, colleges of philosophy and theology, and universities of art, film and music. The traditional universities are concerned with teaching and research. They have the privilege of conferring academic degrees like Bachelor’s, Master’s and doctoral degrees. The subjects offered by this kind of universities are engineering, medicine, law, social sciences, economics, business management, arts, humanities and agricultural sciences.
Universities of Applied Sciences
The universities of applied sciences are similar to the traditional universities in almost all aspects. The only difference is in the fact that they are not entitled to award doctoral degrees. To be accurate, these universities are concerned with preparing students for their chosen professions, by focusing on providing practical knowledge of the academic subjects. Students who are admitted in programmes of these universities, are required to complete varied periods of practical courses in the form of internships, practical semesters and work placements.
There are various ways and means to gain admission to your favourite course of study in your chosen university in Germany. An Indian student will be required to present an additional proof of successful completion of one or two years of academic studies, besides the typical school leaving certificate. This is expected to compensate for the typical 13 years of schooling prevalent in Germany. Many universities have included their admission requirement of passing the Test for Academic Studies by the international students. In case your academic qualification is insufficient, you can attend a preparatory course in any of the core courses of your choice and pass the relevant Assessment test called Feststellungsprufung. Some universities demand their foreign applicants to pass the proficiency test for German language like TestDaf and DSH, in addition to the TOEFL certificate.
Although most universities in Germany charge nominal or zero tuition fees from their international students, there are some universities who have definite semester and administration fees. The fees vary from institution to institution. However, the fees in state funded colleges are relatively less, compared to the private institutions. The students are expected to make provision for their living expenses, which will include food expenses, accommodation and health insurances. If you choose to live moderately, you can expect to make do with roughly 650 euros a month. You can explore existing grants and scholarship options for international students as well.
In Germany, it is rare to find on-campus accommodations. Therefore, the students are responsible for finding their own lodging options. You can opt to consult with the International Office for inexpensive accommodations in the university towns. It is preferable to opt for Youth Hostels, Student Halls of Residence and Dormitories. You can even decide to find accommodations in private accommodation market.
With the implementation of EU Blue Card by the German Parliament, it has become excessively easy for the international students passing out from German universities to find career opportunities for you.
European Credit System
A typical Bachelor’s programme in Germany extends over a period of six to eight semesters. A student has to gain atleast 180 credit points to get the degree. The Master’s programmes last around two to four semesters and are equal to 120 credit points. Successful completion of a Master’s programme will make you eligible to apply for an admission to a doctoral programme of your chosen discipline.