Germany is famous for its quality education system. It is considered to be the largest provider of higher education in Europe as well as it can be counted as one of the favorite destination abroad for the students opting for higher education globally. The country has various types of education institutes that provide bachelor programs in science and engineering. The different streams of engineering that the international students can avail in Germany are aerospace engineering, automotive engineering, civil engineering, industrial engineering, mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, architecture and urban planning and a host of other streams that are also available.
Different types of universities
The international students can avail their bachelor degree in engineering either from the traditional universities or from the universities of applied sciences. The traditional universities offer a broad spectrum of subjects which are interdisciplinary in nature. They work in close liaison with the non-academic institutes. This provides students with ample opportunity to shape their research prospects. The universities of applied sciences also known as Fachhochschulen emphasizes more on the practical aspect and application of the methods that the students have learned during their curriculum. These institutes have degree programs that blend the course with internship in any of the highly renowned firms. This helps the student to obtain a vocational qualification.
Blends academic with a practical approach
Generally during the initial semesters of engineering course, the students are given knowledge on basics of mathematics, engineering as a whole and natural sciences. Following this, they are taught with specialized and operational skills on the particular discipline of engineering that the students have chosen. The project that they undertake while pursuing course gives them exposure to various application and research related to their field of study. They also get an opportunity to work with various companies. In the universities of applied sciences, the internships run for several months and this gives the students an exposure to different companies.
Excellent score in mathematics, physics and chemistry is required to get enrolled to these courses. The student should have the ability to think analytically and independently and they should be good observant and be innovative. For the Indian student, GRE scores play a very important role for getting admission to these universities. The school leaving certificate is not enough for students from Indian origin they have to go through one year bridge course, to be at par with the education system that is prevalent in Germany.
The first and foremost document that an Indian student requires is the student visa. Student should not visit the country with a tourist visa as it cannot be converted to resident visa. The student visa is valid for 90 days. On reaching the country, they have to apply for a residence permit. They have to submit a copy of their visa, residence permit and enrolment certificate of the university to the university authorities. Along with these, they also have to provide the details of their finances and also documents regarding health insurance.
The universities do not charge their students much. They charge around 50 to 250 Euro for each semester. The students have to take care of their living and travel expenses which count to approx 740 Euro a month.
The prospective employers give value to the practical experiences that the students gain during their internship. The students get experience of working during their holidays, or their project work, in various industries and different firms, which helps them to establish contacts with the reputed firms. The EU Blue Card gives the students opportunity to access to job arena.
Proficiency in German is essential for the bachelor courses. It is very essential especially during their internship. The students have to clear TestDaf examination to display their aptitude in language. TOEFL scores also play an important role when choosing English as a medium of instruction.
The full-time Indian students are allowed to work for 90 working days or 180 half days without any work permit.