Students all over the world choose Germany as their favored location of studying abroad. This is due to the excellent quality of the education system of the country. The country is considered as the highest provider of quality education to a large number of students from throughout the world. When it comes to obtaining a higher degree in engineering, Germany is seen as a good option. Their inexpensive fee structure, growing number of courses that deliver masters in engineering fully in English medium and at times partly in the language, commendable international rankings, and providing way to great career opportunities have attracted global students to study in the German universities.
Types of universities
In Germany, almost all universities are autonomous with the criteria and eligibility for enrolling students vary with each university. The universities in Germany offer a master’s degree in engineering on a plethora of streams of engineering.There are two types of universities that are prevalent in the country. One is the traditional universities or University of Technology which is generally abbreviates as TU. And the other is the University of Applied Sciences or Fachhochschulen, generally abbreviated as FH. The first type of universities focuses on research. They offer a wide range of streams in engineering. These universities have the scope of awarding a doctorate to their student.
The second type of universities focuses more on the practical application of engineering. The universities of applied sciences work in close collaboration with different industries and engineering firms. They emphasize on providing internship to their students. The students pursuing masters from these universities get joint supervision for their thesis from both the faculty of the university and also from an industry. FHs do not award their students with PhD, but those who have passed out with master degree can apply for the doctorate at any university.
Various universities in Germany have different requirements for the students both from their countries and international students. The Indian students, who want to pursue the master’s program in engineering in Germany, their Bachelor’s degree in engineering will be treated equivalent to that of the bachelor degree awarded by the universities there. Few universities take the GRE scores of students into consideration.
The most important document required by an Indian student to study in Germany is student visa, which is valid for only 90 days. On reaching Germany, the student has to apply for a residence permit, to ensure his stay in the country further. This permit is valid for two years and has to be renewed after it. The student has to submit a copy of his visa, residence permit, enrolment certificate of the university which he has enrolled in before the concerned department. The students also have to provide the details of their finances for one year and also documents regarding health insurance.
The fee charged by the universities for the masters courses is very less. The students need to pay within the range of 50 to 500 Euro per semester, depending on the university they have chosen and benefits that are provided.
Owing to their practical experience during the master’s program, the students have good chances of getting a job with prospective employers. The EU Blue Card and the new permit of access to unlimited work passed by the government of Germany gives the Indian students opportunity to find a good job opening in the country itself. They are also allowed to stay in the country for another 18 months after the completion of the course to search for a job.
If the course you are opting for is taught in English, then it is not mandatory to know German well. But proficiency in the language is essential especially during internship. The students have to clear TestDaf examination to showvase their aptitude in the language. To prove your skill in English, TOEFL scores plays an important role.
Part time job
The Indian students have the option of working without a work permit. In a year, they are allowed to work for 120 full days or 240 half days.