Medical universities of France have been following the age old and highly renowned medical tradition for long which is well recognized internationally. The universities are also known for their teaching methodologies and state-of-art infrastructure. The country is home to some of the great Nobel prize winners who have contributed a lot in medical field. From the discovery of the genetic cause of Down Syndrome to Hepatitis B vaccine, pass outs from French Medical institutes have been working continuously to serve the mankind.
The physicians trained from French institutes aren’t only working in hospitals but even in various other sectors like research, pharmaceuticals, analytical laboratories, education, armed services emergency services as well as humanitarian organizations.
The duration of the general medical degree program in French universities is about 9 years. For specialization, a student has to put 1-2 years more in studies. The medical studies in France are divided into 3 stages known as cycles.
The first cycle comprises of two years. The first year of medical education includes a common curriculum for all four medicine programs that are medicine, dental surgery, pharmacy and midwifery. The first year includes the study of basic sciences that are chemistry, biology, embryology and histology. It also includes imparting education to the students about the functional aspects of the organization of systems and mechanisms. The course takes on other areas of study like morphological aspects, humanities and social sciences as well as pharmacology studies. At the end of first year, the students have to undergo an exam which determines their eligibility to continue the course in second year or not. Also, the number of second year admissions lies in the hands of university authorities and also depends on one’s place in the ranking system.
The second cycle lasts for four years. In the first year of second cycle, the students are introduced to new disciplines like clinical semiology, medical imaging and foreign languages, computer science and law. In the second, third and fourth year of the second cycle, the students have to undergo training in a hospital setting. There are annual examinations conducted at the end of each year. The students receive a fixed amount of salary during this tenure, being the contract employees of the hospital group. There is a nationally ranked examination which provides access to specialty and the student can choose the same depending on his rank obtained.
In the third cycle, the student has to study general medicine and other specialties so as to obtain the degree. It includes internship which varies from kind of specialization. While internship in general medicine lasts for three years and an extra 6 month placement with a practitioner, those going for other specializations have to undergo internship lasting for four to five years.
French Language Mandatory
A student before taking admission to any medical program must be proficient in French language at level B2 because all medicine courses in France are taught in French.